The role of hybrid organizations
The role of hybrid organizations

On the 18th and 19th of April 2017, in Rome (Italy) more than 100 scholars from the various parts of the world, from Australia and Latin America to Europe, came to Rome to participate at THE 1st IESE-LUISS Business School CONFERENCE ON RESPONSIBILITY, SUSTAINABILITY AND SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Inspired by beauty and harmony of the new LUISS Business School campus: Villa Blanc, participating scholars presented their work, debated, and shared their ideas on Hybrid Organizations, organizations that create social and environmental impact through profit-making market mechanisms.

As prof. Francesco Rullani, Assistant Professor at LUISS Guido Carli University and Academic Director and Coordinator of LUISS Business School ERSHub – Ethic and Social Responsibility Hub, explains: “The idea is to try to understand how can we create organizations that are able to achieve different kind of objectives at the same time. The same activity you do to survive economically should generate a positive impact on the social side and the environmental side”.

Not so long ago, the prevalent economic models offered few solutions to many long-lasting social and environmental problems affecting our societies. Poverty and exclusion in the social sphere, climate change and water shortage in the environmental sphere, are just some of the most visible examples. In such a context, hybrid organizations have begun to play a crucial role. “In the last ten years we have observed emergence of an increased numbers of hybrid organizations, social enterprises, cooperatives, organizations that are playing a double role in our societies. On one hand, they are contributing to the solution of social problems; on the other hand, they are providing jobs, and acting as professional and competitive participants in the market” commented Antonino Vaccaro, Associate Professor and Academic Director of the Center for Business in Society at IESE Business School.

Creation of economic, social and environmental value would not be possible without three important pillars Ethics, Responsibility and Sustainability – which not only summarize skills good managers must posses but also represent the core of our school’s strategy – reported prof. Paolo Boccardelli, Dean of the LUISS Business School – we want to contribute somehow to the development of a new class of leaders that are able to create solutions for a better world”.




Behind the scene’ of writing and publishing on hybrid organizations
Round tables

First keynote session

chair Francesco Rullani

Johanna Mair – Innovation and Scaling – How effective Social Entrepreneurs create Impact

Anne-Claire Pache – Social Enterprises as Hybrid Organizations: A Research Program

Ute Stephan – Market-based Organizations and Strategies for Positive Social Change

Semi-plenary session  I

Semi-plenary session II

Parallel session I

Parallel session II

Second keynote session

chair Antonino Vaccaro 

Tina Dacin – The role of social entrepreneurs as market builders and custodians
Guido Palazzo – From Aeneas to global warming to social entrepreneurship – Reflections on the transformational power of values, beliefs, stories and narratives
Tommaso Ramus – Strategic framing in a new “social movement enterprise”
Presentation of the Journal of Business Ethics symposium
Luca Mongelli

Third keynote session: Firms challenge Academia
chair Michele Andreaus
Tina Dacin
Guido Palazzo
Vincent Fauvet
Luigi Sampaolo

Johanna Mair, Hertie School of Governance, Germany, & Stanford, US)
Anne-Claire Pache, ESSEC, France
Ute Stephan, Aston University, UK

Tina Dacin, Queen’s University at Kingston, Canada
Guido Palazzo, HEC-Lausanne, Switzerland
Tommaso Ramus, Católica-Lisbon, Portugal

Vincent Fauvet, investir&+, President and Co-Founder, France
Luigi Sampaolo, ENI, Vice President for Projects and Sustainability Strategic Relations, Italy


SESSION 1A – Nurturing Hybrid Organizations

The Social Impact of Philanthropic Venture Capital Backed Social Enterprises, with Mariarosa Scarlata

  • Presenter: Francesco Di Lorenzo (session chair)

What makes social entrepreneurs crowdfunding campaigns successful?

  • Presenter: Florian Hoos

Formal and informal justice in hybrid organizations. A review of conflicting interests in crowdfunding platforms, with Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet, Miguel Ángel Canela Campos

  • Presenter: Alberto Ibarra

 Assessing resources of early stage social ventures: A signaling theory perspective on venture philanthropy-oriented foundations decision criteria        

  • Presenter: Nahyun Oh

SESSION 1B – Collaborations and Networks for Hybrid Organizations

Challenges in Social Franchising Governance: The Case of Impact Hub, with Benedetto Cannatelli, Brett R. Smith

  • Presenter: Alessandro Giudici (session chair)                

 Building new commons on community institutions: The case of self-managed microfinance organizations

  • Presenter: Camille Meyer  

Game of thrones: Inter-organizational coopetition among social enterprises, with Daniel Arenas

  • Presenter: Solange Hai         

 Collaboration between hybrid organizations

  • Presenter: Bob Doherty     

SESSION 1C – Organizing for Hybrid Organizations   

Organizational identification in hybrid organizations, with Markus Perkmann, Paola Criscuolo

  • Presenter: Cleo Silvestri (session chair)         

Philosophical Foundations of Social Enterprises

  • Presenter: Antonino Vaccaro    

Made in Carcere: Integral Human Development in extreme conditions, with Pietro Versari, Francesco Rullani and Antonino Vaccaro            

  • Presenter: Luca Mongelli

Organizational tensions in social enterprises             

  • Presenter: Elisabeth Niendorf

SESSION 1D – Measurement, Reporting and Taxation issues     

Tax policy issues for social entrepreneurship, with Philip O´Regan

  • Presenter: Sheila Killian (session chair)          

Benefit of the Doubt Performance Measurement of Social Enterprises: Mission Drift or Mission Lock-in? with Pieter Jan Kerstens, Johan Bruneel, Laurens Cherchye

  • Presenter: Matthias Staessens

Pursuing social purposes: The complexity of performance measurement in social enterprises, with Pietro Micheli, Marya L. Besharov

  • Presenter: Haley Allison Beer

Which social impact for Collective Ownerships in Alpine Areas?, with Caterina Pesci, Michele Andreaus

  • Presenter: Ericka Costa

SESSION 1E – Insights from Italian Hybrid Organizations

Hybridization as systemic innovation: Italian social enterprise on the move, with Paolo Venturi    

  • Presenter: Sara Rago (session chair)

Social Agricultural Co-operatives in Italy: integrated practices towards ‘greener’ approaches to hybridity, with Adrian Richard Bailey, Fu Jia

  • Presenter: Laura Colombo

The sustainable path of social enterprises toward hybridity: Insights from a multiple case study of Italian NPOS, with Lamberto Zollo, Massimiliano Matteo Pellegrini, Guglielmo Faldetta

  • Presenter: Riccardo Rialti

Social impact models at work: the case of Italian innovative startups with a social goal, with Ennio Lugli, Paolo Caselli        

  • Presenter: Ulpiana Kocollari

Conference: Wednesday 19 April, 2017
SESSION 2A – Communities and Networks for Hybrid Organizations

Nurturing Responsible Communities. Alternative Food Networks as Social Innovators in Sustainable Food Practices, with Chiara Aurora Demaldè

  • Presenter: Silvana Signori (session chair)

Cooperation in hybrid businesses: A relational view, with Inan Ince, Rüdiger Hahn – DID NOT PRESENT

  • Presenter: Felix Ostertag

From conflict to capacity-building: The case of corporate-community relations, with Sofiane Baba    

  • Presenter: Emmanuel Raufflet               

Mechanisms and Boundaries of Collective Action Between Profit and Non-profit Organizations  

  • Presenter: Riccardo Maiolini

SESSION 2B – Worldwide Regional Evidence on Hybrid Organizations

Internal and external practices in hybrid organizations in response to different logics – chameleons and mules? – qualitative evidence from social enterprises in Poland

  • Presenter: Marzena Starnawska (session chair)     

Organizational hybridity influence on competitive strategies and behaviour: the Azorean case

  • Presenter: Joana Rodrigues

Taming Patriarchy: The Case of an Entrepreneurship Development Project in Lebanon  

  • Presenter: Yusuf Sidani                          

Social Enterprises as Market Shapers: Emerging Evidence from China, with Michele Simoni

  • Presenter: Peter Moran

 SESSION 2C – Business Models for Hybrid Organizations

Social Business Models – A typology based on levels of integration, with Elisabeth Niendorf – DID NOT PRESENT

  • Presenter: Kreutzer Karin (session chair)

Similarities and Differences in Business Model Components of Social Entrepreneurial Organizations, with Francois Brouard       

  • Presenter: Yulia Aray

Analyzing Drivers of Societal Value Creation: A Business Model Perspective              

  • Presenter: Addisu Lashitew

 Organizing for Multi-Sided Societal Impact: the Emergence of Hybrid Service Ecosystems, with Francesca Ricciardi, Cecilia Rossignoli          

  • Presenter: Sabrina Bonomi

SESSION 2D – Hybrid Organizations as Changemakers

An analysis of the process of adoption of virtual non-monetary exchange systems. An attitudinal approach of hybrid communities, with August Corrons, Antonio Grandìo       

  • Presenter: Luis Alfonso Garay Tamajón (session chair)

External Challenges in the Process of Emergence of Hybrid Social Enterprises: A Theory of Deinstitutionalization and Legitimacy, with Federica Brunetta, Paolo Boccardelli

  • Presenter: Francesca Capo       

Brokerage in the Social Entrepreneurship Sector: Managing Networks to Foster Social and Institutional Change

  • Presenter: Tanja Collavo   

B-Lab as Institutional Entrepreneurs: What does an Analysis of the Early Adopters of B-Corps Designation Suggest about the Potential for Field Level Institutional Change?                 

  • Presenter: Kate Cooney    

SESSION 2E – Assessing Social Enterprises

Unveiling the empty rhetoric of impact investment: Exploring a disconnect in everyday sayings and doings of impact measurement, with Erin Castellas

  • Presenter: Jarrod Ormiston (session chair) 

 Constructing what is probably impossible: Social enterprises? use of heuristics in social impact assessment, with Jonatan Pinkse

  • Presenter: Greg Molecke               

Hybridization of Performance Measurement and Impact Assessment: A Case Study of a Social Business, with Matias Laine, Charles Cho       

  • Presenter: Kevin Andre     

Credit and Default Probability Assessment : Corporate Social Responsibility Criteria as a Driver of Risk Evaluation       

  • Presenter: Novella Talà          

SESSION 3A – Open Issues for Hybrid Organizations

Diverse managerial careers: A resource for hybrid organizations, with Kreutzer Karin

  • Presenter: Niendorf Elisabeth (session chair)

Hybrid Entities and the Psychological Contract with Employee-Stakeholders

  • Presenter: Norman Bishara

 Organizational Identification in Hybrid Organizations: a Literature Review and Research Agenda              

  • Presenter: Cécile Godfroid

 Responsible Innovation in the Context of Social Entrepreneurship, with Vincent Blok, Johan van Ophem, Gerben van der Velde, S.W.F. Onno Omta

  • Presenter: Rob Lubberink

 Sustainable Concerns of Social Entrepreneurship

  • Presenter: Rama Krishna            

SESSION 3B – Sociocultural Basis of Hybrid Organizations

The role of social embeddedness in hybrid organizations: Lessons from family firms, with Lamberto Zollo

  • Presenter: Maria Carmen Laudano (session chair)

 An investigation of how ecological inclusive business models support sustainable development, with Serena Didonè, Maurizio Cisi

  • Presenter: Laura Corazza

 A conceptual framework of identity orientation for social enterprises, with Joana Mendonça, Miguel Amaral

  • Presenter: Daniela Guerra, Dos Santos

 Hybrids as a way of sustainability: A study of Christian mission hospitals in India

  • Presenter: Aditya Moses          

SESSION 3C – Challenges for Hybrid Organizations

Hybrid Organizations and Social Enterprise Ecosystems: Findings From a U.S. Survey, with Aishwariya Chandrasekar, Fasika Delessa, Evan Haas, Sarina Haryanto, Ryan Ross

  • Presenter: David Kirsch (session chair)

 Bringing product back in at the bottom of the pyramid: a case study, with Kate Roll 

  • Presenter: Morten Hansen

 Scaling deep for sustainability: Increasing the impact of an environmental social enterprise through ´empathic leadership´, with Elizabeth Kurucz, Barry Colbert

  • Presenter: Jessica L. Nicholson

 Hybrid organizations and resilience: The case of social enterprises, with Lisa Maria Ertl

  • Presenter: Christine Vallaster

 Facilitating hybrid collectives: The role of collaborative practices and multilingual brokers          

  • Presenter: Jarrod Ormiston                               

SESSION 3D – Defining Hybrid Organizations

Institutional Traps, and Social Entrepreneurs? Institutional Work, Strategies and Tactics, with Rene Chester Goduscheit       

  • Presenter: Dmitry Khanin (session chair)     

 Moving towards an Operational Definition of Social Entrepreneurship, with Carmen Lages 

  • Presenter: Filipa Lancastre        

 Why do public organizations get hybrid? Addressing institutional change, autonomy and legitimacy, with Liselore Berghman, Wouter Van Dooren, Paul Matthyssens    

  • Presenter: Lode De Waele

 Fostering Social Connection Responsibility: Lessons from the Assessment of a Participatory Guarantee System (Pgs), with Francesco Vittori    

  • Presenter: Silvana Signori         

 Doing Good While Making Profits: A Configurational Approach on Hybrid Social Ventures

  • Presenter: Lien De Cuyper      

 SESSION 3E – Starting up Hybrid Organizations

Mapping the social business incubator landscape, with Sabrina Korreck

  • Presenter: Piet Hausberg (session chair)

 Involvement of Bottom-up Actors in the Emergence of Social Enterprise: Competing Discourses of Social Enterprise in South Korea

  • Presenter: Jieun Ryu

 Hybrid micro-enterprises: Founding motives and the meaning of success, with Ralitza Nikolaeva, Carmen Lages, Fernando A. F. Ferreira

  • Presenter: Marta Bicho

 How Contextual Factors and Capacity Building Initiatives Influence Social Entrepreneurship Development in Fragile Contexts. The Case of Cashew in Sierra Leone, with Stefano Corsi, Giovanni Azzone             

  • Presenter: Francesca Mapelli
Publication date
May 16 2017
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